Right Honourable delegates from Wales, from Cornwall, Brothers and sisters, dear friends,

One Hundred and ten years have gone by since the first Bretons were received in Cardiff by Hwfa Môn, archdruid of the Welsh Gorsedd. When I say received, I mean received as brothers and members of the Gorsedd, that of Wales at the time, before becoming members of the Breton Gorsedd, when Bretons decided to constitute a Gorsedd on the Welsh pattern on this side of the sea.

They were walking in the footsteps of Kervarker (La Villemarqué) at Abergafenny in 1838, they wanted to bring the Bretons together on each side of the sea, and they wanted to unite the fragments of the sword broken by the vagaries of History.

So much has been done since by our Gorseddau ! They celebrated the eighty years of the Gorsedd in Cornwall last year and the symbolic rite of the « United Sword » will be henceforth a central rite within our Gorseddau when they do it for the first time in Cornwall next September.

We're saying « Thank you to the Welsh people and to Hwfa Môn, « the Prince of Archdruids of the past, present and future » as he was called by Charles Le Goffic at that time. Thank you for your recognition. « Diolch i chi, Brodyr o Gymru, am eich nawddogaeth » « Meur ras dhywgh-hwi, Breder Kernow, a'gas fydhyans ».

We're celebrating this year too the bicentenary of Thomas Paine's death. He was a friend of Iolo Morganwg, the genial founder and creator of the Gorsedd. Thomas Paine was born at Thetford in England in 1737. He went to America where he became involved in the independence and liberty of this country which he named for the first time « the United States of America » . His pamphlet « Common sense » , published a few months before the Declaration of Independence in 1776, was a tremendous success and had a deep impact on George Washington and John Adams.

Coming back to England, he welcomed the French Revolution. He wrote, « The Rights of Man » in 1792. To him those rights applied also to women. He was made a French citizen and elected MP but he refused to vote for the King's death. He was therefore sent to prison under the « Terreur » because of his English birth and of his close friendship with the « Girondins » .

In his book « The Age of Reason » he criticised the Christian religion and the terrible stories told in the Bible, which did in no way encourage good relationships between mankind. He did however respect people's creeds. He called for a reduction of up to ninety percent in permanent armies to enable the world to live in peace. He fought against slavery, thus offending rich proprietors. This is why he was scorned by the Conservatives who were frightened by his opinions. He nearly faded from the people's memory. His memory was re-ignited by Thomas Edison, the great scientist. First because he himself was an inventor, having invented the hollow candle and conceiving and designing the iron bridge.

But Thomas Edison also considered Paine as United States' greatest political thinker.

Barack Obama in his inaugural speech mentioned Paine. May he now therefore be remembered by all!

In a little book published three years after his death, Thomas Paine dealt with the « Origin of Freemasonry » which was in his opinion connected with Druidism, a religion of the Sun and of the Times without limits. Thomas Paine could of course talk about Druidism as he was a friend of Iolo Morganwg, the founder of the Gorsedd.

The French often make up a beautiful story, telling how they have invented everything before others in the world. Since their Revolution which happened thirteen years after that in the United States, they are pretentious enough to lecture the whole world about Human Rights ! Their republican creeds are supposed to be universal, as should also be their language ! This is absolutely crazy when you consider that they sent people like Paine to prison whilst they pursued the « Girondins » who were supporting the Revolution in Brittany by wearing oak leaved crowns in remembrance of the old Druids !

Iolo Morganwg was also in favour of the revolutionary opinions. He believed they could be a step forward for mankind.

The French republican opinions were never universal from the start. Slavery was not abolished until 1848 ! The right to vote was not granted to women until 1944 !

And a host of republican gurus still try to preach to the minority peoples of France yet leaving women at the entrance porch of their temples !

Brothers and sisters, we don't need a lecture about morality from such people. We don't have to be lectured by those who put Black people on the seat of an obscure State Secretary as an excuse to demonstrate their open-mindedness. Charity and contempt ! Lingering stench of colonialism !

As in the States this year, we in Brittany some years ago elected a Black man. We didn't elect him because he was Black but because he was competent !

Let's hold the course. We're on the way to join all the peoples in the world, big or small !

The Revolution is not over as long as an individual pretends to consider himself above others because of their colour or their language.